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Paper clay (sometimes referred to as fiberclay) is any clay body to which processed cellulose fiber (paper being the most common) has been added. Clays that have been converted to paper clay include earthenware, terra cotta, stoneware, porcelain, and bone china.
Firing temperatures for paper clay are exactly the same as the clay body from which the paper clay was made. Some recommend slightly higher firing temperatures. Because the paper clay is porous and strong when dry, single glaze firing is possible, offering firing and time savings.
There is no physical difference between soft clay and the same clay as a soft paper clay, except the small fibers. Building techniques used with soft paper clay are similar to conventional clay. Dry paper clay is stronger than the same clay without the fiber, enabling thinner, more delicate works.
The inclusion of processed cellulose fiber in the clay enables new ceramic techniques. Joining dry-to-dry paper clay and dry-to-soft paper clay are the most radical new techniques. A new aesthetic has also emerged from combining paper and clay art traditions.
- ↑ Paper clay should be distinguished from Paperclay, aka Creative Paperclay, which is an air hardening modeling material popular within the recreational arts, crafts, puppet and doll-maker communities. This modeling material actually contains no clay. Paperclay is a registered trademark with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. Registration No. 1814872.
- ↑ "Using paper fibre as a substitute in ceramic clays" by Leena Juvonen. 8th CIMTEC World Ceramics Congress. (June 1997). Retrieved on 2007-12-14. Article hosted by grahamhay.com.au
- ↑ "A Paperclay Update" by Graham Hay. Ceramics Technical. (2006). Retrieved on 2007-12-14. Article hosted by grahamhay.com.au
- Juvonen, L., "Using paper fibre as a substitute in ceramic clays", 8th CIMTEC World Ceramics Congress, Finenze, Italy June 1997 Table 1 p. 3, Table 3, p. 5.
- Hay, G. (2006) "A Paperclay Update", Ceramics Technical, 22, 39-40
- Ceramic paperclay sculpture information
- A good overview
- An unpublished research paper on paperclay
- Notizie sulla tecnica
- crespine in paperclay
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