Está siendo sustituido el formato de lista alfabética por entradas individuales, clasificadas en categorías. La plantilla de base para usar en el de ingles/español es: Plantilla:Navegarcerámica.
- Lista cerámica oriental
- Lista Diccionario de cerámica inglés - español: A
- Lista Diccionario de cerámica inglés - español: B
(Enlaces a Wiktionary anotado como "W" como referencia.)
- Astbury Fine Bone China of Staffordshire Ltd
- John Astbury
- Thomas Astbury
- Apothecary jar
- Ashtead potters en W. Manufactura de cerámica que se mantuvo en producción entre 1923 a 1935, en la ciudad de Ashtead, Surrey, England. Referencia: Ashtead pottery
- Aylesford-Swarling Pottery en W. cerámica Aylesford-Swarling es parte de una tradición de la cerámica de ruedas tirado distribuidas alrededor de Kent, Essex, Hertfordshire y Bedfordshire y el nombre de dos cementerios en Kent que data del siglo I antes de Cristo. La tradición llegó a Gran Bretaña con la llamada invasión belga tan del siglo I antes de Cristo y también puede ser denomina vagamente cerámica belga.
- Ball clay. A secondary clay moved from the parent rock, ball clay is often mixed with other clays and minerals, organic matter are frequently present. Ball clays commonly exhibit high plasticity and high dry strength.(W)
- Band. are lines marked around circular ceramic utensils, plates, jars or lids using any method of decoration which can be applied at all stages of manufacture. Banding is the action of marking a band.
- Bat. Or "batt." Less commonly also known as a "batterboard", thin slab of wood, plaster, or plastic used to support pottery forms during throwing, attached to the head of the potter's wheel by clay body or "bat pins". En general indica soporte horizontal, con caracter temporal, muy usado en minas y construcción, en cerámica podríamos decir anaquel.
- Bentonite. An extremely plastic clay which can be added in small quantities to short clay to make it more plastic.
- Biscuit (bisque) Fire or Firing. Cocción de Bizcocho (cocción de Las Piezas Cerámicas Antes de la Aplicación del Barniz o Esmalte)
- Biscuit fire. Preliminary firing prior to glazing and subsequent firing again.
- Bloating. The permanent swelling of a ceramic article during firing caused by the evolution of gases. (W)
- Blunging. The wet process of blending, or suspending ceramic raw materials in liquid by agitation. (W)
- Body. The structural portion of a ceramic article, or the material or mixture from which it is made. (W)
- Bone china. Vitreous, translucent pottery made from a body of the following approximate composition: 45-50% calcined bone, 20-25% kaolin. 25-30% china stone. (W)
- Bone-dry The final stage of greenware dried to a completely dry state and ready to be fired. In this stage, the clay is very fragile, non-plastic and porous.
- Candling (W): The lower temperature stage of some firing cycles used to complete the drying of the ware.; To dry greenware prior to beginning of the firing cycle, setting the kiln at 200° Celsius until all water is removed from the greenware. Ciclo de la cocción muy lento con objeto de eliminar lentamente el agua en las piezas en verde. A partir del secado lento y completo se continúa con la cocción
- Carbonizing The permanent staining of a ceramic material by the introduction of carbon particles during firing.
- Casting, slip casting (W)Colaje, colado de piezas. es el moldeado por vertido de la barbotina en un molde.
- Celadon Stoneware glazes containing iron which produce green, grey and grey-blue colours in reduction firing.
- China (W) Porcelana, loza, vajilla. Es el termino generalista para designar la porcelana en Inglaterra es usado para designar cualquier pieza de parecido a esta.
- China Clay Refers to Kaolin, which is the primary clay used for producing Porcelain.
- Chamotte. (Grog) A ceramic material formed by the high temperature firing of a refractory clay, after which it is crushed and graded to size. Used as the a non-plastic component of some clay bodies. (W)
- Clay. A group of hydrous aluminium phyllosilicate minerals. Often also used to refer to the clay body, which sometimes may only contain small amounts of clay minerals. (W)
<span id=" Clay body" /> Arcilla.
- Clay body. The material used to form the body of a piece of pottery. Thus a potter might order such an amount of earthenware body, stoneware body or porcelain body from a supplier of ceramic materials. stoneware body or porcelain body from a supplier of ceramic materials. (W). La arcilla designada para el propósito especial de realizar piezas en cerámica.
- Coiling A hand method of forming pottery by building up the walls with coils of rope-like rolls of clay.
- Crawling. A parting and contraction of the glaze on the surface of ceramic ware during drying or firing, resulting in unglazed areas bordered by coalesced glaze. (W). Despegado del barniz, retiro; deslizamiento
- Crazing. A glaze fault characterised by the cracking of fired glazes and due to high tensile stresses. (W); agrietamiento; cuarteamiento
- Crystal glaze Glazes characterised by crystalline clusters of various shapes and colours embedded in a more uniform and opaque glaze
- china clay See Kaolin
- Deairing. The removal of entrapped air from a mass or slurry, often by the application of a vacuum. (W)
- Deflocculate. To separate agglomerates in a slurry by chemical means, and so decrease viscosity. (W)
- Delftware. A light-coloured pottery body covered with a tin glaze with overglaze decorations in cobalt on the unfired glaze. Developed in Holland to imitate Chinese blue and white porcelain. Cerámica producida en Delft, (W)
- Dipping. Glazing pottery by immersion in a glaze suspension.
- Dunt. A crack caused by thermal shock, especially if ware cooled too rapidly after it has been fired. (W)
- Enamel (W) Coloured, glass-like decoration applied to ceramic wares. Also called on-glaze decoration. Often made by mixing metal oxides with a lead-based flux. Enamels are usually fired to temperatures in the range of about 700 to 800 degrees Celsius.
- Eutectic. An invariant point on an equilibrium diagram. A mixture of two substances which has the lowest melting point in the whole series of possible compositions. (W)
- Engobe. A slip coating applied to a ceramic body for imparting colour, opacity or other characteristics. It may subsequently be covered with a glaze. (W)
- Fat clay A very plastic form of clay such as ball clay
- Fettling. The removal, in the unfired state of excess body left in the shaping of pottery-ware at such places as seams and edges. (W)
- Fire clay A highly heat resistant form of clay which can be combined with other clays to increase the firing temperature.
- Frit. A product made by quenching and breaking up a glass of a specific composition. Common uses include as components of a glaze or enamel. (W)
- Potter's gauge. A tool used to ensure that thrown pots are of uniform size or shape.
- Glaze. A coating that has been matured to the glassy state on a formed ceramic article, or the material or mixture from which the coating is made. (W)
- Glaze firing A firing cycle in a kiln to the temperature at which the glaze materials will melt to form a glasslike surface coating.
- Greenware. Unfired articles. Cerámica sin cocer en cuero duro.
- Gum arabic Natural gums used as binders to enable the glaze to adhere better to the body.
- Hard-paste porcelain, Porcelain which had been fired to 1400°C in a reducing atmosphere.
- Jigger. A machine for the shaping of clay body into flatware by the differential rotation of a profile tool and mould. Also the process. (W)
- Jiggering to Jigger to Jolley. Calibrar (dar Forma a una Pieza).
- Leather-hard The condition of a clay or clay body when it has been partially dried to the point where all shrinkage has been completed. (W)
- Maturity. The combined effects of firing time and firing temperature on ceramic wares in a kiln. Within limits, wares fired at low temperatures for extended periods may develop a degree of maturity similar to that achieved by applying higher firing temperatures for shorter periods. (W)
- Maturing range. Rango de madurez. Intervalo de tiempo y temperatura en la que el producto, sea esmalte, o cuerpo de arcilla, que puede ser cocido obteniéndose unas propiedades óptimas.
- Modulus of Rupture. The maximum transverse breaking stress applied under specified conditions, that a material will withstand before fracture. It is used as a common quality control test used for both ceramic rawmaterials and ceramic bodies. (W)
- Muffle kiln. A kiln used for firing enamelled decoration, constructed so as to protect wares from direct flame and from smoke, soot, ash and other contaminants.
- ostracum. Neo-Latin ostracum, from Greek ὄστρακον, originally meaning "pottery fragment" and later extended to refer to shells.(W)
- Pierced Decoration. Técnica de decoración, rebajar o calar con un cuchillo la arcilla húmeda.
- Porcelain. A vitreous ceramic material. Traditionally considered to be white and if, of thin section, translucent. (W)
- Pottery. All fired ceramic wares or materials which, when shaped, contain a significant amount of clay. Exceptions are those used for technical, structural or refractory applications. Pottery is also: (1) the art and wares made by potters; (2) a ceramic material (3) a place where pottery wares are made; and (4) the business of the potter. (W)
- Published definitions of Pottery include:
- -- "All fired ceramic wares that contain clay when formed, except technical, structural, and refractory products."
- -- "China, earthenware and any article made from clay or from a mixture containing clay and other materials."
- -- "A class of ceramic artifacts in which clay is formed into containers by hand or in molds or with a potter's wheel, often decorated, and fired"
- -- "The term pottery includes many varieties of ware from the crudest vessels of prehistoric times to the most beautiful decorated porcelains, stoneware and earthenware; it also includes many articles such as large grain-jars used in ancient times for storing corn and other dry materials, wine-jars and modern sanitaryware and the large tanks for containing corrosive acids. Many kinds of earthenware, stoneware and porcelains are used for scientific and experimental purposes as well as electrical apparatus (insulators, switch-bases, sparking plugs and bases or frames for electrical heating appliances)."
- Pug. Also pug mill. A machine for consolidating plastic clay or body into a firm column. It consists of a barrel which tapers at one end to a die, through which the clay or body is forced by knives mounted on a shaft which rotates centrally to the barrel. A vacuum system may be installed to de-ier the clay or clay body. (W)
- Saggar. A lidded or covered ceramic box used to protect wares from direct flame, smoke, fuel-ash or cinders during firing.(W)
- Scrafito. This is a decorating technique where a slip is applied to a leather-hard piece of clay and left to dry. Once the slip is dry a bevy of different tools are used to carve into the clay to remove the slip and leave an embedded decoration behind.
- Stoneware. A vitreous or semivitreous ceramic material. Traditionally made primarily from nonrefractory fire clay.(W)
- Transferware. Transferware is a style of ceramics including pottery, dinnerware, and other delicate items. It uses transfer printing, a decorative technique which was developed in England in the mid-18th century, particularly around the Staffordshire region.
- tube burner. Quemador simple atmosférico.
- Water Absorption. The mass of water absorbed by a porous ceramic material, under specified conditions, expressed as a percentage of the mass of the dry material. It is used as a common quality control test used for both ceramic raw materials and ceramic bodies. (W)
- Wedging. A procedure for preparing clay or a clay body by hand: the lump of clay is repeatedly thrown down on a work bench; between each operation the lump is turned and sometimes cut through and rejoined in a different orientation. The object is to disperse the water more uniformly, to remove lamination and to remove air. (W)
Defectos en cerámica Editar
- black coring
- black spots
- casting, brittle
- casting, flabby
- casting, slow
- casting, wreathing
- black spots
- cut glaze
- Deep Scratches
- Deep Chips
- lime popping
- low strength
- milky colors
- molds joints
- Pinpoint Nick
- Shallow Chips
- Stained Scratches
- starved glaze
- Storage Scratches
- stuck ware
- white spot
Styles of Japanese potteryEditar
Also called Imari-yaki.
- Bizen-yaki – Produced in Okayama. Also called Inbe-yaki. A reddish-brown pottery, which is believed to have originated in the 6th century.
- Hagi-yaki – Produced in Yamaguchi. Since it is burned at a relatively low temperature, it is fragile and transmits the warmth of its contents quickly.
- Karatsu-yaki – Produced in Saga. The most produced pottery in western Japan. Believed to have started in the 16th century. Greatly influenced by Korean potters.
- Kutani-yaki – Produced in Ishikawa.
- Mino-yaki – Produced in Gifu. Includes Shino-yaki, Oribe-yaki, Setoguro, and Ki-Seto.
- Onda-yaki – Produced in Kyūshū. Produced by families and passed on only to their own children. The outstanding fact is that they still produce it without electricity.
- Ōtani-yaki, a large type of pottery produced in Naruto, Tokushima.
- Raku-yaki – Produced in Kyoto. There is a proverb of the hierarchy of ceramic styles used for tea ceremony: 'First, Raku(-yaki). Second, Hagi. Third, Karatsu.'
- Ryumonji-yaki – Produced in Kagoshima. Started by Korean potters about four hundred years ago.
- Satsuma-yaki – Produced in Kyūshū and other areas. Started by Korean potters about four hundred years ago.
- Seto-yaki – Produced in Aichi. The most produced Japanese pottery in Japan. Sometimes, the term Seto-yaki (or Seto-mono) stands for all Japanese pottery.
- Shigaraki-yaki – Produced in Shiga. One of the oldest styles in Japan. Famous for tanuki pottery pieces.
- Souma-yaki – Produced in Fukushima. Image of a horse (uma or koma), which is very popular in this area, is the main pattern. Therefore, it is sometimes called Soumakoma-Yaki.
- Tamba-yaki – Produced in Hyōgo. Also called Tatekui-yaki. One of the six oldest kinds in Japan.
- Tokoname-yaki – Produced in Aichi. Most are flower vases, rice bowls, teacup.
- Tobe-yaki – Produced in Shikoku. Most are thick porcelain table ware with blue cobalt paintings.
- Yokkaichi-Banko-yaki –Produced in Mie. Most are teacups, teapots, flower vases, and Sake vessels. Believed to have originated in the 19th century.
- ↑ American ASTM Standard C 242-01 Standard Terminology of Ceramic Whitewares and Related Products.
- ↑ COSHH in the Production of Pottery, Approved Code of Practice. HM Stationery Office 1990.
- ↑ Ashmore and Sharer 2000:252.
- ↑ The Chemistry and Physics of Clays. 3rd edition. A.Searle & R.W.Grimshaw. Ernest Benn. 1959.
- ASTM Standard C242-00. Standard Terminology of Ceramic Whitewares and Related Products.
- Dictionary of Ceramics 3rd edition. Dodd A., Murfin D. The Instiutue of Materials. 1994.
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