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List of National Treasures of Japan (crafts-others)

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The List of National Treasures of Japan (crafts-others) contains all the items of crafts (工芸品 kōgeihin?) which are not swords and that have been designated by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of the government of Japan as National Treasures. Swords in the crafts category which are National Treasures of Japan can be found in List of National Treasures of Japan (crafts-swords). The list is limited to New National Treasures, those that have been designated since June 9, 1951 after the Law for the Protection of Cultural Properties came into force.

There are currently 130 entries in the list covering the time from Classical to early modern Japan from 7th century Asuka period to 18th century Edo period. However, the total number of items is much higher since groups of related objects have been joined in single entries.

The listed objects are of various type and include household goods, objects related to Buddhism, armour and harnesses. Some of the oldest objects had been imported from China at the time. A number of different materials have been used for the listed articles ranging from wood over clay to bronze. In many cases the articles were decorated using a variety of techniques like gilting of precious metals, line engraving, maki-e, mother of pearl inlay or lacquer. The objects in this list are located in Buddhist temples, Shinto shrines or museums.[1][2]

Lists of other National Treasures of Japan can be found in List of National Treasures of Japan.

Treasures Editar sección

Pottery Editar sección

Eight entries are chawan bowls used in the tea ceremony and three are flower vases. In addition there are an incense burner a tea-leaf jar and a funerary pot, summing up to 14 pottery items of which eight originated in China, five in Japan and one in Korea.

Japan Editar sección

Name Artist Remarks Age Type Present Location
White Raku (楽焼白片身変茶碗 rakuyaki shirokatamigawari chawan?)[3][4] Honami Kōetsu Named Fuji-san. 1600Edo period, 17th century Chawan. Ceramic ware. Height: 8.6cm, diameter: 11.5cm. Nagano Suwa Sunritz Hattori Museum of ArtSunritz Hattori Museum of Art (サンリツ服部美術館 sanritsu hattori bijutsukan?), Suwa, Nagano
Incense burner in the shape of pheasant decorated with overglaze enamels (色絵雉香炉 iroekijikōro?)[5] Nonomura Ninsei (野々村仁清?) Life-sized, cock pheasant shaped incense burner composed of two parts. Lifelike coloration with green, navy blue, red and gold pigments. Used in the tea ceremony. 1600Edo period, 17th century Incense burner. Kyoto-ware, polychrome overglaze (色絵 iroe?). 48.3cm (length) x 12.5cm (width) x 18.1cm (height). Ishikawa Kanazawa Ishikawa Prefectural Museum of ArtIshikawa Prefectural Museum of Art (石川県立美術館 ishikawaken bijutsukan?), Kanazawa, Ishikawa
Tea-leaf jar with a design of wisteria (色絵藤花文茶壺 iroe fujihanamon chatsubo?)[6] Nonomura Ninsei (野々村仁清?) Blooming wisteria flowers painted over a warm white glaze in enamels of red, purple, gold and silver. The base is orange and has a stamp mark reading "Ninsei". Passed down in the Kyogoku family of the Marugame domain, present day Kagawa prefecture. 1600Edo period, 17th century Tea-leaf jar. Stoneware (Kyoto-ware) with overglaze enamels. Height: 28.8cm, bore diameter: 10.1cm, trunk diameter: 27.3cm, bottom diameter: 10.5 Shizuoka Atami MOA Museum of ArtMOA Museum of Art, Atami, Shizuoka
Tea bowl, Shino ware (志野茶碗 shino chawan?) with an inscription unohanagaki (卯花墻?)[7] Distorted shape. 1573Momoyama period Chawan. Thick white glaze, red scorch marks, and texture of small holes. Tokyo Tokyo Mitsui Memorial MuseumMitsui Memorial Museum (三井記念美術館 mitsui kinen bijutsukan?), Tokyo
Pot with design of autumn grasses (Akikusamon bottle) (秋草文壺 akikusamontsubo?)[8] Discovered in the Hakusan Burial Mound. Mouth bending slightly outward, bulging upper body, narrow base. Covered with green glaze and drawings of autumn grasses (Japanese silver grass, melon) scratched in with a spatula. Character "上" in the inside of the mouth. 1185Heian period, 12th century Funerary pot. Atsumi ware. Height: 42cm, diameter at neck 16cm, at body 29 cm, at base 14 cm. Tokyo Tokyo Keio UniversityKeio University, Tokyo; currently at Tokyo National Museum

China, Korea Editar sección

Name Artist Remarks Age Type Present Location
Spotted tenmoku tea bowl (曜変天目茶碗 yōhen tenmoku chawan?) or inaba tenmoku (稲葉天目?)[9] One of four extant tea bowls in the yōhen tenmoku style (three are National Treasures). 1200Southern Song, 12–13th century Chawan. Karamono (唐物), natural ash (yōhen) tenmoku glaze. Height: 6.8cm, mouth diameter: 12cm, base diameter: 3.8cm. Tokyo Tokyo Seikado Bunko Art MuseumSeikado Bunko Art Museum (静嘉堂文庫?), Tokyo
Spotted tenmoku tea bowl (曜変天目茶碗 yōhen tenmoku chawan?)[10] One of four extant tea bowls in the yōhen tenmoku style (three are National Treasures). Produced in the 福建省 kiln in south China. 1200Southern Song, 12–13th century Chawan. Karamono (唐物), natural ash (yōhen) tenmoku glaze. Blue and green spot marks. Height: 6.8cm, mouth diameter: 12.3cm, base diameter: 3.8cm. Osaka Osaka Fujita Art MuseumFujita Art Museum, Osaka
Spotted tenmoku tea bowl (曜変天目茶碗 yōhen tenmoku chawan?) One of four extant tea bowls in the yōhen tenmoku style (three are National Treasures). 1200Southern Song, 12–13th century Chawan. Karamono (唐物), natural ash (yōhen) tenmoku glaze. Height: 6.6cm, mouth diameter: 12.1cm, base diameter: 3.8cm. Kyoto Kyoto RyukoinRyūkō-in (龍光院?) (Daitoku-ji), Kyoto
Tea bowl with tortoise shell pattern (玳玻天目茶碗 taihi tenmoku chawan?) 1127Southern Song Chawan. Tenmoku glaze. Kyoto Kyoto ShokokujiShōkoku-ji, Kyoto
Tea bowl with silvery (oil) spots (油滴天目茶碗 yuteki tenmoku chawan?)[11] Handed down in the Sakai clan. 1200Southern Song, 12–13th century Chawan. Tenmoku glaze. Diameter: 12.2cm. Osaka Osaka Museum of Oriental CeramicsMuseum of Oriental Ceramics (大阪市立東洋陶磁美術館 Ōsakashi ritsutō yōtōji bijutsukan?), Osaka
Celadon turnip-bottom flower vase (青磁下蕪花生 seiji shimokabura hanaike?)[12] Produced in the Longquan (龍泉?) kiln. 1100Southern Song, 12th century Flower vase. Celadon. Height: 23.5cm. Tokyo Tokyo Arukanshiēru Bijutsu Zaidanarukanshiēru bijutsu zaidan (アルカンシエール美術財団?), Tokyo
Celadon flower vase with Fenghuang ears (handle) (青磁鳳凰耳花生 seiji hōōmimi hanaike?) with an inscription bansei (万声?)[13] Produced in the Longquan (龍泉?) kiln. 1127Southern Song Flower vase. Celadon. Height: 23.5cm, bore diameter: 10.8cm. Osaka Izumi Izumi Memorial Museum of ArtsIzumi Memorial Museum of Arts (和泉市久保惣記念美術館 izumishi kubosō kinen bijutsukan?), Izumi, Osaka
Celadon flower vase with Iron Brown Spots (飛青磁花生 tobiseiji hanaike?)[14] Pear-shaped bottle. About 5mm of glaze at the foot has been scraped away and turned red in the fire. Produced in the Longquan (龍泉?) kiln. Handed down through the Konoike family. 1300Yuan Dynasty, 13–14th century Flower vase. Celadon. Height: 27.4cm Osaka Osaka Museum of Oriental CeramicsMuseum of Oriental Ceramics (大阪市立東洋陶磁美術館 Ōsakashi ritsutō yōtōji bijutsukan?), Osaka
ido chawan (井戸茶碗?) with an inscription kizaemon (喜左衛門?)[15] 1500Joseon Dynasty, 16th century Chawan. Bore diameter: 15.5cm. Kyoto Kyoto KohoanKohō-an (孤篷庵?), Kyoto

Metalworks Editar sección

Mirrors Editar sección

Three mirrors with engravings of Buddhist figures.

Name Remarks Age Type Present Location Pictures
Mirror with engraved image of Thousand-armed Goddess of Mercy (線刻千手観音等鏡像 senkoku senjukannontō kyōzō?)[16] Thousand-armed Goddess of Mercy surrounded by the eight legions (八部衆 hachibushū?). Waterfowl and butterfly on backside. 1101late Heian period Mirror. Bronze, line engraving. Diameter: 13.5cm, thickness: 6.0mm, weight: 525g. Akita Daisen Sui ShrineSui Shrine (水神社 sui jinja?), Daisen, Akita 100px
Mirror with engraved image of Shaka Nyorai flanked by two attendants (線刻釈迦三尊等鏡像 senkoku shakasanzontō kyōzō?)[17] Shaka image on top, Samantabhadra, Manjusri and Acala on both sides and below Shaka. 1100Heian period, 12th century Mirror. Cupronickel, line engraving. Size of palm of hand. Kyoto Kyoto Senoku Hakuko KanSen-oku Hakuko Kan, Kyoto
Cast bronze plaque with line-engraved Zaō Gongen (鋳銅刻画蔵王権現像 chūdō kokuga Zaō Gongenzō?)[18] Zaō Gongen (蔵王権現?) with 32 family members. Sanskrit characters engraved on back. 1001Heian period, 1001  Mirror. Cast bronze. Tokyo Tokyo SojijiSōji-ji, Tokyo

Temple bells Editar sección

One Korean bell and 13 Japanese temple bells.

Name Artists Remarks Age Type Present Location Pictures
Temple bell (梵鐘 bonshō?)[19] Handed down in the Kanzen-in (観禅院?) subtemple. Contains an inscription. 0727-12-11Nara period, December 11, 727 Bell. Bronze. Aperture: 89.2cm, height: 149.0cm. Nara Nara KofukujiKōfuku-ji, Nara, Nara
Temple bell (梵鐘 bonshō?)[20] Cast for Kinseki-ji (金石寺?) in Hōki Province (in Tottori Prefecture). Moved in 1653 to Izumo-taisha, then in 1889 to Tafuku-ji (多福寺?), Matsubashi-ji (松林寺?) in Shimane Prefecture until being dedicated in 1897 to Saikō-ji, its present location. 0839Heian period, 839 Bell. Aperture: 77.5cm, height: 136.4cm. Fukuoka Fukuoka Saikoji覆屋 at Saikō-ji (西光寺?), Fukuoka, Fukuoka
Temple bell (梵鐘 bonshō?) Also called Tsurezuregusa (徒然草?) or ōjikichō (黄鐘調?) (scale in gagaku, similar to Dorian mode on A) bell. 0698Nara period, 698 Bell. Kyoto Kyoto MyoshinjiLecture Hall (法堂 hōdō?) at Myōshin-ji, Kyoto
Temple bell (梵鐘 bonshō?)[21][22] Without inscription. Cast in Tatara (多々良?), Kasuya District, Fukuoka, Chikuzen Province using the same mold as the National Treasure bell at Myōshin-ji. 0681Nara period, 681 Bell. Copper. Aperture: 86cm, height: 106cm. Fukuoka Dazaifu KanzeonjiKanzeon-ji (観世音寺?), Dazaifu, Fukuoka
Temple bell (梵鐘 bonshō?)[23] Without inscription. Long and narrow shape. With cracks and Japanese Honeysuckle arabesque pattern. 0710Nara period Bell. Aperture: 85cm, height: 150cm. Nara Katsuragi Taimaderabelfry (鐘楼 shōrō?) at Taima-dera, Katsuragi, Nara 150px
Temple bell (梵鐘 bonshō?)[24] Without inscription. Biggest bell in Japan. 0752Nara period, 752 Bell. Aperture: 271cm, height: 385cm. Nara Nara Todaijibelfry (鐘楼 shōrō?) at Tōdai-ji, Nara, Nara 150px
Temple bell (梵鐘 bonshō?) Dedicated by Dōkyō together with a sacred horse (神馬 shinme?). Contains inscription. 0770-09-11Nara period, Septermber 11, 770 Bell. Fukui Echizen Tsurugi ShrineTsurugi Shrine (劔神社?), Echizen, Fukui
Temple bell (梵鐘 bonshō?) Three people were involved in the inscription: Fujiwara no Toshiyuki, Tachibana no Hiromi (橘広相?) and Sugawara no Koreyoshi (菅原是善?). 0875-08-23Heian period, August 23, 875 Bell. Kyoto Kyoto Jingojibelfry (鐘楼 shōrō?) at Jingo-ji, Kyoto
Temple bell (梵鐘 bonshō?) Contains inscription. 0917-11-03Heian period, November 3, 917 Bell. Nara Gojo EisanjiEisan-ji (栄山寺?), Gojō, Nara
Temple bell (梵鐘 bonshō?)[25] Decorated with lion, dragon, Chinese phoenix and dancing heavenly nymphs. Previously located in the belfry (鐘楼 shōrō?). One of the Three Great Bells of Japan. 1000Heian period, c. 11th century Bell. Kyoto Uji Byodoin (平等院ミュージアム鳳翔館?), Byōdō-in, Uji, Kyoto
Temple bell (梵鐘 bonshō?)[26] Mononobe Shigemitsu (物部重光?) Inscription in embossed carving by founder Lanxi Daolong. 1255-02-21Kamakura period, February 21, 1255 Bell. Height: 210cm. Kanagawa Kamakura Kenchojibelfry (鐘楼 shōrō?) at Kenchō-ji, Kamakura, Kanagawa
Temple bell (梵鐘 bonshō?)[27][28] Mononobe Kunimitsu (物部国光?) Made by order of Hōjō Sadatoki (北条貞時?). Largest bell in Kantō. Donated by Hojo Tokiyori. 1301-08Kamakura period, August, 1301 Bell. Height: 260cm. Kanagawa Kamakura EngakujiEngaku-ji, Kamakura, Kanagawa 150px
Temple bell (梵鐘 bonshō?)[29]  Initially at the west pagoda of Enryaku-ji's Hōdō-in (宝幢院?). Contains a three line, 24 character inscription. 0858-08-09Heian period, August 9, 858 Bell. Aperture: 55.3cm, height: 116.0cm. Shiga Moriyama Sagawa Art MuseumSagawa Art Museum (佐川美術館 Sagawa bijutsukan?), Moriyama, Shiga
Korean bell (朝鮮鐘 chōsenshō?)[30] Head in dragon design, body decorated with clouds and celestial beings. Oldest Korean bell in Japan. 0833-03Silla, March 833 Bell. Aperture: 66.7cm, height: 112cm. Fukui Tsuruga Jogu ShrineTreasure House at Jōgū Shrine (常宮神社 Jōgū jinja?), Tsuruga, Fukui

Buddhist items Editar sección

Name Remarks Age Type Present Location Pictures
Buddhist ritual gong with peacock relief (孔雀文磬 kujakumon kei?)[31] Originally kept in Senju-dō. Pair of peacock motif on both sides. 1250-01-01Kamakura period, January 1, 1250 Gong. Cast bronze gilding. Katama size: 32.4cm, Gen: 32.5cm. Iwate Hiraizumi Chusonji JizoinJizō-in (地蔵院?), Chūson-ji, Hiraizumi, Iwate 150px
Gilt bronze Buddhist ritual gong with hōsōge flower design (金銅宝相華文磬 kondō hōsōgemon kei?)[32] Hōsōge flower design. 0794Heian period Gong. Gilt bronze, line engraving. Shoulder width: 23.8cm, fringe stretch: 27.0cm, 総嵩: 9.5cm. Fukui Sakai TakidanjiTakidan-ji (瀧谷寺?), Sakai, Fukui
Gilt bronze Buddhist ritual gong with lotus flower design (金銅蓮花文磬 kondō rengemon kei?)[33] Lotus flower design. 0794Heian period Gong. Gilt bronze. Kyoto Kyoto EikandoEikan-dō Zenrin-ji, Kyoto
Buddhist ritual gong with peacock relief (孔雀文磬 kujakumon kei?)[34] Motif of peacocks facing each other and lotus flower. Contains an inscription. Originally presented to Miroku-ji (弥勒寺?). 1209Kamakura period, 1209 Gong. Oita Usa Usa Shrinemanaged by Usa Shrine, Usa, Ōita; private owner
Buddhist ritual gong stand (華原磬 kagenkei?)[35] In 734 placed in front of the Buddha in the Western Golden Hall. Gong is fitted in a gilt bronze stand with a lion at the base and two dragons (male and female) at the top. The gong had been lost and reproduced in the late 12th-early 13th century. The stand is original. 0734Tang Dynasty Gong. Copper. Total height: 96.0cm. Nara Nara KofukujiKōfuku-ji, Nara, Nara 150px
Gilt bronze finial of a pilgrim's staff (sistrum) (金銅錫杖頭 kondō?)[36][37] Decorated with Buddhist figures. Front: Amida triad flanked by Dhrtarastra (持国天?) and Virudhaka (増長天?) (two of the Four Guardian Kings). Back: Amida Nyorai flanked by Virupaksa (広目天?) and Vaisravana (多聞天?) (two of the Four Guardian Kings). Probably brought to Japan from China by Kūkai. 0618Tang Dynasty Sistrum. Gilt bronze. Length: 55cm. Kagawa Zentsuji ZentsujiZentsū-ji (善通寺?), Zentsūji, Kagawa
Iron pagoda (鉄宝塔 teppōtō?)[38][39] Square base with inscriptions on all sides. Includes Crystal Gorintō (水晶五輪塔共 suishō gorintō?) placed inside the. 1197-11-22Kamakura period, November 22, 1197 Two miniature pagodas. Iron and crystal. Height of crystal pagoda: 14cm. Yamaguchi Hofu AmidajiAmida-ji (阿弥陀寺?), Hōfu, Yamaguchi
Gilt copper reliquary for Buddha's ashes (金銅能作生塔 kondō nōsashōtō?)[40] Topped by a three-sided flame and gem on a lotus pedestal. Water jug shaped container with Fish roe pattern (魚々子 nanako?) and lotus arabesque motif in line engraving. 1185Kamakura period Reliquary. Gilt copper. Silver plating. Height: 26.3cm. Nara Ikoma ChofukujiChōfuku-ji (長福寺?), Ikoma, Nara
Gilt bronze bowl with hōsōge flower pattern (金銅獅子唐草文鉢 kondō shishikarakusamon?)[41] Lion and hōsōge flower pattern. Used for offerings. Granted by Emperor Shōmu. 0710Nara period, 8th century Bowl. Gilt bronze. Line engraving. Diameter: 27.5cm, height: 14.5cm. Gifu Gifu GokokushijiGokokushi-ji, Gifu, Gifu
Flower plates in openwork gold and silver plating (金銀鍍透彫華籠 kinginto sukashibari keko?)[42] Plates (華籠 keko?) used for the Buddhist flower-scattering rituals. 0794Heian period (5 plates), Kamakura period (11 plates) 16 plates. Openwork, gold and silver plating. Shiga Nagahama JinshojiJinshō-ji (神照寺?), Nagahama, Shiga 150px
Gilt bronze reliquary in openwork (金銅透彫舎利塔 kondō sukashibari sharitō?)[43] 1185Kamakura period Reliquary. Gilt bronze, openwork. Height: 37cm. Nara Nara Saidaiji ShuhokanShūhōkan (聚宝館?), Saidai-ji, Nara, Nara; entrusted to Nara National Museum
Ritual Objects of Esoteric Buddhism (密教法具 mikkyō hōgu?)[44][45][46] Three utensils used during ritual incantation and prayer in Esoteric Buddhism: a stand for vajra pestle and bell (金剛盤 kongōban?), a five-pronged bell (五鈷鈴 gokorei?), a five-pronged short club (vajra) (五鈷杵 gokosho?). Said to have been brought to Japan from China by Kūkai. Kongōban is said to be the oldest example in Japan. 0794Heian period Utensils. Gilt bronze. Kyoto Kyoto TojiTō-ji, Kyoto
Reliquary (舎利容器 shari yōki?)[47][48][49] Includes (i) a pagoda-shaped gold reliquary with tortoise base (金亀舎利塔 kinki sharitō?) and lotus flower arabesque. (ii) a white glass (hu-)pot for the bones of Buddha (白瑠璃舎利壺 shiroruri shariko?), with a seal of Emperor Go-Komatsu. (iii) Lace with square and round shapes (方円彩糸花網 hōensaishikamō?) wrapping the glass pot. Oldest article of its kind. 0618Tang Dynasty and Kamakura period Reliquary set. (i) Wood covered with gold sheets (tortoise), gilt copper. (ii) White glass. (iii) Knitwork. Colored silk thread (navy blue, brown, etc). Nara Nara ToshodaijiTōshōdai-ji, Nara, Nara
Gilt bronze ritual Objects of Esoteric Buddhism (金銅密教法具 kondō mikkyō hōgu?)[44][45][46][50][51] Five utensils used during ritual incantation and prayer in Esoteric Buddhism: a stand for vajra pestle and bell (金剛盤 kongōban?), a five-pronged bell (五鈷鈴 gokorei?), a five-pronged short club (vajra) (五鈷杵 gokosho?), a three-pronged pestle (三鈷杵 sankosho?), a pestle with a single sharp blade at each end (独鈷杵 tokkosho?). 1185Kamakura period Utensils. Gilt bronze. Hiroshima Hatsukaichi Itsukushima ShrineItsukushima Shrine, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima
Gilt bronze sutra container (金銅経箱 kondō kyōbako?)[52] Offered to Zaō Gongen (蔵王権現?) by Fujiwara no Michinaga and buried in 1007 on Mount Kinpu. Dedicated in 1031 to the Nyōhō-dō (如法堂?) in Yokawa Valley on Mount Hiei. Decorated with auspicious floral motifs and with an inscription. Excavated in the Taishō period. 1007late Heian period Sutra container. Gilt bronze. Shiga Otsu EnryakujiEnryaku-ji, Ōtsu, Shiga
Gilt bronze flags (金銅灌頂幡 kondō kanjōban?)[53] Used for the Buddhist abhiseka ceremony of sprinkling water on the head of a devotee. Honeysuckle arabesque, clouds, Buddhas, bodhisattvas, celestial beings and other decorations. Part of the Hōryū-ji Treasures. 0600Asuka period, 7th century Six big and small flags. Cloth covered with gilt bronze, openwork, line engraving. Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National Museum The Gallery of Horyuji TreasuresThe Gallery of Hōryū-ji Treasures, Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo
Incense burner with handle in shape of magpie tail (金銅柄香炉 kondō kanjōban?)[54][55] With flower shaped pedestal and handle in shape of magpie tail. Possibly associated with the Eastern Hall at Hōryū-ji and used by Eji (慧慈?), the Buddhist master of Prince Shōtoku. Part of the Hōryū-ji Treasures. 0600Asuka period, 7th century Incense burner. Gilt bronze. Length: 39.0cm, height: 10.2cm, diameter of fireplace: 13.3cm. Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National Museum The Gallery of Horyuji TreasuresThe Gallery of Hōryū-ji Treasures, Tokyo National Museum, Tokyo
Iron pagoda (鉄宝塔 teppōtō?) and containers for Buddha's bones (舎利瓶 sharihei?)[43] Pagoda has similar shape as the gilt bronze pagoda in the same temple. Containers in the shape of water jug were placed inside the iron pagoda. Included in the nomination is a wooden box. 1284Kamakura period, 1284 Miniature pagoda and five pots. Iron (pagoda), copper (pots). Height of pagoda: 176cm. Nara Nara Saidaiji ShuhokanShūhōkan (聚宝館?), Saidai-ji, Nara, Nara; entrusted to Nara National Museum
Gilt bronze pagoda (金銅宝塔 kondō hōtō?) and associated articles[43] Besides the gilt bronze pagoda the nomination includes: (i) gilt bronze gem-shaped reliquary (金銅宝珠形舎利塔 kondō hōjugata sharitō?) placed in the lower part. (ii) gilt bronze cylindrical container (金銅筒形容器 kondō tsutsugata yōki?). (iii) (赤地二重襷花文錦小袋?). (iv) crystal gorintō (水晶五輪塔 suishō gorintō?) with a small red brocade bag. (v) (水晶五輪塔(織物縫合小裹共)?) placed in the upper part. 1270Kamakura period, 1270 Height of pagoda: 91cm. Nara Nara Saidaiji ShuhokanShūhōkan (聚宝館?), Saidai-ji, Nara, Nara; entrusted to Nara National Museum

Mirrors Editar sección

Three mirrors decorated with floral and animal motifs.

Name Remarks Age Type Present Location
Mirrors with sea and islands (海磯鏡 senkoku senjukannontō kyōzō?)[56] Dedicated to Hōryū-ji by Empress Kōmyō in 736 on the anniversary of the death of Prince Shōtoku. Patterns in Chinese style on both mirrors similar: four mountaineous islands around the circumference with lions, deer, birds and a seated figure and two fishermen in small boats on the sea. 0700Tang Dynasty, 8th century Two mirrors. Cast nickel. Diameters: 46.5cm and 46.2cm. Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo
Mirror with birds, animals and grape design (禽獣葡萄鏡 kinjū budōkyō?) 0618Tang Dynasty Cupronickel. Diameter: 27cm. Ehime Imabari Oyamazumi ShrineŌyamazumi Shrine (大山祇神社?), Imabari, Ehime
Mirror with marine animals and grape design (海獣葡萄鏡 kaijū budōkyō?)[57] Grape arabesque pattern. Handle in lion shape surrounded by various animal motifs: lion, deer, horse, giraffe, peafowl, mandarin duck, Chinese phoenix, chicken, insects. 0618Tang Dynasty Cupronickel. Diameter: 29.6cm, width at edge: 2cm, weight: 4,560g. Katori Shrine, Katori, Chiba

Others Editar sección

Other metal objects: two lanterns, a plaque, a pair of phoenix, a pitcher, a water dropper, spoons and an ink rest.

Name Remarks Age Type Present Location Pictures
Dragon-head pitcher (金銀鍍龍首水瓶 kinginto ryūshu suibyō?)[58] Lid and handle in dragon shape, body with engraved pegasus design. Part of the Hōryū-ji treasures. 0600Tang Dynasty or Nara period, 7th century Pitcher. Gold and silver plated bronze, line engraving. Body diameter: 18.9cm, overall height: 49.9cm. Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo 150px
Gilt bronze lantern (金銅燈籠 kondō tōrō?)[59] Originally placed in front of the South Octagonal Hall at Kōfuku-ji. 0816Heian period, 816 Lantern. Gilt bronze. Height: 236cm. Nara Nara Kofukuji National Treasure HallNational Treasure Hall, Kōfuku-ji, Nara, Nara
Bronze plaque depicting Shaka delivering a sermon (銅版法華説相図 kondō tōrō hokke sessōzu?)[60][61] Hexagonal three-storied pagoda in center of plaque. In top panel: Buddha triads surrounded by 1000 Buddhas. Middle panel: two Buddhas on lotus seats, deities and monks. Lower panel: 27 line inscription in center framed by two guardian gods. 0710Nara period Plaque. Bronze. 84.0cm (height) x 75.0cm (width). Nara Sakurai HasederaHase-dera, Sakurai, Nara 150px
Octagonal gilt bronze lantern (金銅八角燈籠 kondō hakkaku tōrō?)[62] Decoration of bodhisattva playing musical instruments. Conical Jewel top. 0710Nara period Lantern. Gilt bronze. Nara Nara Todaijiin front of Big Buddha Hall (大仏殿 daibutsuden?), Tōdai-ji, Nara, Nara 150px
Gilt bronze Chinese phoenix (金銅鳳凰 kondō hōhō?) Formerly placed on both ends of the roof of the main hall at 0794Heian period Phoenix (pair). Gilt plated copper. Kyoto Uji ByodoinByōdō-in, Uji, Kyoto
Gilt bronze water dropper (pot) (金銅水注 kondō suichū?), Gilt bronze spoon (金銅匙 kondō saji?) and Gilt bronze sumi (ink-cake) rest (金銅墨床 kondō bokushō?)[63] Utensils for calligraphy: (i) Water pot with oval window on each side and three legs. Lid in flower-shape with jewel-shaped knob. (ii) Hexagonal pedestal-shaped rest for the ink stick. Engraved with fish-egg circles. (iii) Spoons for drawing water from the pot, in the shape of a lotus flower, a gourd and a willow leaf. Part of the Hōryū-ji treasures. 0710Nara period or Tang Dynasty, 8th century Water dropper, three spoons, rest. Gilt bronze. Height: 3.8cm (sumi rest), 7.5cm (water dropper). Length of spoons: 11.7–13.3cm Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo 150px

Lacquer Editar sección

Buddhist items Editar sección

11 items related to Buddhism including four boxes for sutra scrolls, two miniature shrines, one table, a jewel box, a box for the kesa robe, a palanquin and a Buddhist platform.

Name Remarks Age Type Present Location Pictures
Octagonal Buddhist platform with mother of pearl inlay (螺鈿八角須弥壇 raden hakkaku shumidan?)[64] Struts decorated with bells and canopy. Top and bottom with pestle and flower pattern. Foliate panels (kōzama (格狭間?)) fit in with gilt bronze border. Eight Karyobinga (winged female angels) on each panel holding a percussion instrument (on front panel) or flower pots (on other panels). 0794Heian period Platform. Lacquered wood with mother of pearl inlay, gold and silver. Height: 52.4cm, diameter: 193.9cm, side length : 74.5cm. Iwate Hiraizumi ChusonjiChūson-ji, Hiraizumi, Iwate
Sutra box with maki-e hōsōge motif (宝相華蒔絵経箱 hōsōge makie kyōbako?) 1100Heian period, around 1100  Sutra box. Black lacquered wood, rough maki-e. 20.3cm x 17.0cm. Shiga Otsu EnryakujiEnryaku-ji, Ōtsu, Shiga
hasu karakusa makie kyōbako (蓮唐草蒔絵経箱?)[65][66] Arabesque lotus flower design. 1100Heian period, 12th century Sutra box. Black lacquered leather, maki-e. 31.8cm (length) x 17.6cm (width) 12.1cm (height). Nara Nara Nara National MuseumNara National Museum, Nara, Nara
kaibu makie kesabako (海賦蒔絵袈裟箱?)[67] Box in which a kesa brought back from Tang Dynasty China by Kūkai was stored. Decorated with a sea motif: marine animals (fish, birds, turtles) in gold and waves in silver maki-e. 0900Heian period, 10th century, before 940 Kesa box. Lacquered hinoki wood, togidashi (burnished) maki-e. 47.9cm (length) x 39.1cm (width) x 11.5cm (height). Kyoto Kyoto TojiTō-ji, Kyoto
shitannuri raden kondōsō shariren (紫檀塗螺鈿金銅装舎利輦?) Palanquin similar to a mikoshi used in the sharie (舎利会?) ceremony (dedication of the bones of Buddha). 0794Heian period Palanquin. Black lacquered rosewood, mother of pearl inlay. Kyoto Kyoto TojiTō-ji, Kyoto
butsukudoku makie kyōbako (仏功徳蒔絵経箱?)[68] Box for eight scrolls of the Lotus Sutra. Decorated with five scenes from the lotus sutra in maki-e. 1000Heian period, around 1000 Sutra box. Black lacquer on thin wood, gold and silver maki-e. 23.7cm (length) x 32.7cm (width) x 16.7cm (height). Osaka Osaka Fujita Art MuseumFujita Art Museum, Osaka
hōsōge makie hōjubako (宝相華蒔絵宝珠箱?) 0794early Heian period Jewel box. Lacquer, maki-e. Kyoto Kyoto NinnajiNinna-ji, Kyoto
Beetle wing Shrine (玉虫厨子 tamamushi no zushi?)[69] Decorated with paintings, lotus petal mouldings and embossed figures of Buddhas. 0600Asuka period, 7th century Miniature shrine. Camphor and cypress wood. 226.6cm high Nara Ikaruga HoryujiHōryū-ji, Ikaruga, Nara 150px
Black lacquer table with mother of pearl inlay (黒漆螺鈿卓 kokushitsu radenshoku?)[70] Incense burner, candlestick and other items were placed on this table in front of the spirit of the deceased. 1500Heian period, mid 12th century Table. Black lacquer, mother of pearl inlay. Nara Ikaruga HoryujiHōryū-ji, Ikaruga, Nara
Taima Mandala shrine (当麻曼荼羅厨子 taima mandara no zushi?)[71] Decorations of lotus lake (door panels), celestial musicians (underside of roof), butterflies, ducks, cranes, pheasants, wild geese (inside); hōsōge flowers on the ceiling. 0794Heian period Miniature shrine. Wood. Nara Nara TaimaderaTaima-dera, Nara, Nara
Sutra box decorated in maki-e with Kurikara Dragon (倶利伽羅竜蒔絵経箱 kurikararyū makie kyōbako?)[72] Lid decorated with kurikara dragon flanked by two attendants: Kongara Dōji (矜羯羅童子?) and Seitaka Dōji (制た迦童子?). 0794Heian period Sutra box. Black lacquer, maki-e. 31cm (length) x 19cm (width). Nara Nara TaimaderaTaima-dera, Nara, Nara

Mikoshi Editar sección

A total of two mikoshi, portable shrines.

Name Remarks Age Type Present Location
chiriji raden kondōsō mikoshi (塵地螺鈿金銅装神輿?)[73] Mythical firebird (Fenghuang) on the roof. Fretwork flags hanging from the corners of the roof and three fretwork mirrors and cloths on each side. 1190Kamakura period, Kenkyū era, late 12th century Lacquered wood with mother of pearl pearskin (梨子地 nashiji?) decoration, gilt bronze fittings. Osaka Habikino Konda HachimanguKonda Hachimangū (誉田八幡宮?), Habikino, Osaka
ikakeji raden kondōsō mikoshi (沃懸地螺鈿金銅装神輿?)[74] 1100Heian period, 12th century Lacquered wood, gilt bronze fittings. Total height: 226.0cm, bay: 98.2cm, shafts: 364.0cm, stand width: 141.0cm. Wakayama Kinokawa Tomobuchi Hachiman ShrineTomobuchi Hachiman Shrine (鞆淵八幡神社 Tomobuchi Hachiman jinja?), Kinokawa, Wakayama

Harnesses Editar sección

Four wooden saddles and other items used for horseriding.

Name Remarks Age Type Present Location
Saddle with oak tree and horned owl design (柏木兎螺鈿鞍 kashiwamimizuku raden kura?)[75][76] Exterior of ends of saddle decorated with images of oak trees and horned owls. Interior decorated with broken oak tree branches. Typical saddle design of a warrior of the late Heian and Kamakura period. 0794late Heian period, 12th century Saddle. Lacquered wood with mother of pearl inlay. Tokyo Tokyo Eisei Bunko MuseumEisei Bunko Museum, Tokyo
Saddle with ivy and poem characters design (時雨螺鈿鞍 shigure raden kura?)[75][77] Decorated with images of pines, vines twining around the pines and characters forming a love poem. 1185Kamakura period Saddle. Lacquered wood with mother of pearl inlay. Seat length: 43.0cm, saddle fork height: 30.0cm, cantle height: 35.0cm. Tokyo Tokyo Eisei Bunko MuseumEisei Bunko Museum, Tokyo
Saddle decorated in mother-of-pearl inlay with a design of circles (円文螺鈿鏡鞍 enmon raden no kagamikura?) Includes a saddle with stirrups, bit and swing. 1185Kamakura period Saddle. Lacquered wood with mother of pearl inlay. Tokyo Ome Musashi Mitake ShrineMusashi Mitake Shrine (武蔵御嶽神社 musashimitake jinja?), Ōme, Tokyo
Tang Dynasty saddle (唐鞍 karakura?) Includes one saddle of black lacquer and mother of pearl inlay, one 頸総, ten 八子, a pair of stirrups, a pair of leather stirrups, one 尻繋, a girth, one 尾嚢, two 差縄, one saddle cushion, a pair of 障泥, two 雲珠, a bit, a rein, hedgear, one 胸繋 and one 銀面. 1185Kamakura period Various. Nara Nara Tamukeyama HachimanguTamukeyama Hachiman-gū (武蔵御嶽神社 musashimitake jinja?), Nara, Nara

Furniture, boxes, musical instruments Editar sección

Box-like items including five toiletry cases, two writing boxes, four other boxes, a chest, a zither, an arm rest and a marriage trousseau containing many items of furniture, boxes and others.

Name Artists Remarks Age Type Present Location Pictures
Seven-Stringed Zither (黒漆七絃琴 kokushitsu shichigenkin?)[78] Imported from China during the Nara period. Thirteen circular markers of mother of pearl, two elliptical sound-holes and rosewood fittings at the ends. Ink inscription inside the body states the year and place (Jiulong County) of production. 0724Tang Dynasty, 724 Zither. Paulownia wood with black lacquer and mother of pearl inlay. Length: 109cm. Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo
Toiletry case with cart wheels in stream (片輪車蒔絵螺鈿手箱 katawaguruma makie raden tebako?)[79] Interior of box and lid with flying birds and floral motifs. Similar design to the National Treasure box with designation number 64, this box has number 99. 1100Heian period, 12th century Toiletry case. Black lacquered wood, aogin togidashi maki-e and mother of pearl inlay, openwork silver fittings. 22.4cm (length) x 30.6cm (height) x 13.5cm (width). Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo
Writing box with eight bridges (八橋蒔絵螺鈿硯箱 yatsuhashi makie raden suzuribako?)[80] Ogata Kōrin Rectangular two-tier box with rounded corners and lid. Upper tier holds inkstone and water dropper. Lower tier is for paper. Eight bridges design after chapter 9 of The Tales of Ise. Irises and plank bridges. 1700Edo period, 18th century Writing box. Black lacquered wood, gold, [maki-e]], abalone shells, silver and corroded lead strips (bridges). 27.3cm (length) x 19.cm (height) x 14.2cm (width). Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo
Writing Box with pontoon bridge (舟橋蒔絵硯箱 funahashi makie suzuribako?)[81] Honami Kōetsu Square box with rounded corners and a high, domed lid which fits over the body. Boats lined up in a wave pattern and bridge. Characters on box quote a poem[nb 1] by Minamoto Hitoshi from the Gosen Wakashū. 1600Edo period, 17th century Writing box. Black lacquered wood sprinkled with gold powder. Tsukegaki technique (waves), usuniku takamakie (boats), raised characters from silver strips, bridge from thick lead strip. 24.2cm (length) x 11.8cm (height) x 22.9cm (width). Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo
Toiletry case with floating thread twill motif (浮線綾螺鈿蒔絵手箱 fusenryō raden makie tebako?) 1200Kamakura period, 13th century Toiletry case. Lacquered wood with mother of pearl inlay and maki-e. Tokyo Tokyo Suntory Museum of ArtSuntory Museum of Art, Tokyo
Toiletry case with cart wheels in stream (片輪車螺鈿蒔絵手箱 katawaguruma raden makie tebako?)[82][83] Similar design to the National Treasure box with designation number 64, this box has number 99. 1100Heian period, 12th century Toiletry case. Black lacquered wood, [maki-e]] and mother of pearl inlay. Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo 150px
jinkō mokugabako (沈香木画箱?)[84] Rectangular box. 0710Nara period, 8th century Box. Magnolia (Magnolia obovata) wood covered with slabs of agarwood. Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo
Box with mother of pearl inlay (蝶螺鈿蒔絵手箱 chō raden makie tebako?) Rectangular box with butterfly and peony design. 1185Kamakura period Box. Maki-e and mother of pearl inlay. Tokyo Tokyo Hatakeyama Memorial Museum of Fine ArtHatakeyama Memorial Museum of Fine Art, Tokyo
Lacquered inkstone case decorated with laminae of mother of pearl (籬菊螺鈿蒔絵硯箱 magakinikiku raden makie suzuri bako?)[85][86] Decorations of chrysanthemum flowers, flying birds and a bamboo hedge. The case was a gift to Minamoto no Yoritomo from Emperor Go-Shirakawa. 1185Kamakura period Box. Lacquer with maki-e decorations. 26.0cm x 24.1cm Kanagawa Kamakura Kamakura Museum of National TreasuresKamakura Museum of National Treasures (owned by Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gū), Kamakura, Kanagawa
Toiletry case with plum blossom design (梅蒔絵手箱 ume makie tebako?)[87] 1200Kamakura period, 13th century Toiletry case. Maki-e. Shizuoka Mishima Mishima TaishaMishima Taisha, Mishima, Shizuoka
Marriage trousseau (婚礼調度類?) (tokugawa mitsutomo fujin chiyohime shoyō (徳川光友夫人千代姫所用?))[88] Marriage outfit of Chiyohime, wife of Tokugawa Mitsutomo and eldest daughter of Tokugawa Iemitsu. Includes: 47 pieces of hatsune (初音) and 10 pieces of kochō (胡蝶) maki-e furniture, 5 maki-e incense boxes, two large oblong chests, two hakama, a long sword and a set of maki-e aloes wood tools. 1603Edo period Various. Aichi Nagoya Tokugawa Art MuseumTokugawa Art Museum, Nagoya, Aichi
Arm rest decorated in maki-e with design of flowers and butterflies (花蝶蒔絵挾軾 kachō makie kyōshoku?) Decorated with flower and butterfly motifs. 0794late Heian period Arm rest. Maki-e. Osaka Osaka Fujita Art MuseumFujita Art Museum, Osaka
Box with flower and bird design (花鳥彩絵油色箱 kachō saieyushokubako?) Design of flowers and birds. Red, yellow, blue colors remain. 0710Nara period, 8th century Box. Wood colored with oil colors. 70cm (length) x 25cm (height) x 60cm (width). Nara Nara TodaijiTōdai-ji, Nara, Nara
Small Chinese style chest with maki-e and mother of pearl inlay (澤千鳥螺鈿蒔絵小唐櫃 sawachidori raden makie kokarabitsu?) Small Chinese style chest (karabitsu) with plover motifs. 1100Heian period, 12th century Chest. Maki-e, mother of pearl. Wakayama Koya Kongobuji Kongōbu-ji, Kōya, Wakayama
Toiletry case with autumn field and deer design (秋野鹿蒔絵手箱 akinoshika makie tebako?)[89] Motifs of deer (parent and child) playing in autumn fields, small birds and more. Assembled of ca. 300 pieces. 1185Kamakura period Toiletry case. Black lacquer, maki-e, mother of pearl. 22.8cm (length) x 29.7cm (width) x 16.0cm (height). Shimane Izumo Izumo-taisha Izumo-taisha, Izumo, Shimane

Dyeing and weaving Editar sección

Items of clothing, mandalas and woven images.

Name Remarks Date Type Present Location Pictures
Old sacred treasures (古神宝類 koshinpōrui?)[90][91] Uwagi with phoenix on white koaoi floral scrolling plants ground in double pattern weave (白小葵地鳳凰文二重織 shirokoaoiji hōōmon futaeori?), two Uchiki (wide-sleeved undergarment) with triple-crane roundels on purple ground in karaori weave (紫地向鶴三盛丸文唐織 murasakiji mukaizurumitsumorimarumon karaori?), usukōjisaiwaibishimonayaori (淡香地幸菱文綾織?), Kōchiki (wide-sleeved robe) with kamon (flower-in-nest pattern) on yellow "hail" checkered ground in double pattern weave (黄地窠霰文二重織 kiji kaniararemon futaeori?). 1200Kamakura period, 13th century Kanagawa Kamakura Tsurugaoka HachimanguTsurugaoka Hachiman-gū, Kamakura, Kanagawa
Embroidery illustrating Sakyamuni Preaching (刺繍釈迦如来説法図 shishū shaka nyorai seppōzu?) or "Kajū-ji embroidery"[92] Preserved in Kajū-ji, Kyoto. Depicts Shaka Nyorai preaching the Lotus Sutra on Griddhraj Parvat. Shaka is depicted wearing a red robe seated on a lion throne beneath a jeweled tree and canopy. He is surrounded by the ten principal disciples and lay people. Heavenly musicians and immortals riding on birds float above the clouds. Probably produced in China. 0710Nara period, early 8th century Embroidery. Embroidered silk: white plain-weave silk for the ground, French knots and chain stitch. 208cm (height) x 58.0cm (width). Nara Nara Nara National MuseumNara National Museum, Nara, Nara
Brocade with lion hunting (四騎獅子狩文錦 shiki shishi karimonkin?)[93] 0618Tang Dynasty, 7th century Weft brocade. 250cm (height) x 134.5cm (width). Nara Ikaruga HoryujiHōryū-ji, Ikaruga, Nara
Taima Mandala (綴織当麻曼荼羅図 tsuzureori taima mandarazu?)[94] Image based on Contemplation Sutra. According to legend woven by the nun Honyo from lotus stems. 0710Nara period, 8th century Mandala. Nara Nara TaimaderaTaima-dera, Nara, Nara
Quilted seven-strip Surplice (七条刺納袈裟 shichijōshinōkesa?) (i) and shinōe (刺納衣?) (ii)[95][96] (ii): Oldest clothing item in Japan. Considered to be worn by Saichō. 0581(i): Tang Dynasty, 8th century and (ii): Sui Dynasty (i): 132cm、(length) x 260cm (width). Shiga Otsu EnryakujiEnryaku-ji, Ōtsu, Shiga 150px
kendakokushi (犍陀穀糸袈裟?) and ōhi (横被?) 0618Tang Dynasty Kyoto Kyoto TojiTō-ji, Kyoto
Tenjukoku Shūchō Mandala (天寿国繡帳 tenjukoku shūchō?) fragments 0600Asuka period, 7th century Nara Ikaruga ChugujiChūgū-ji, Ikaruga, Nara 150px

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Armour Editar sección

Two entries are of dō-maru type and the large majority, 15 items Ō-yoroi armour. There is one pair of gauntlets in the list. Most of the items include a helmet and large sleeve protectors.

Name Remarks Age Type Present Location
Armour laced with red threads (赤絲威鎧 akaitōdoshi yoroi?)[97] Helmet and large sleeves with chrysanthemum motif. Also known as kiku ichimonji no yoroikabuta (菊一文字の鎧兜?). The nomination includes the helmet and a Chinese style chest (唐櫃 karabitsu?). 1185late Kamakura period Ō-yoroi. Aomori Hachinohe Kushibiki HachimanguKushibiki Hachiman-gū (櫛引八幡宮?), Hachinohe, Aomori
Armour laced with white threads (白絲威褄取鎧 shiroitōdoshi tsumadori yoroi?)[97] The nomination includes the helmet and a Chinese style chest (唐櫃 karabitsu?). 1336late Nanboku-chō period Ō-yoroi. Aomori Hachinohe Kushibiki HachimanguKushibiki Hachiman-gū (櫛引八幡宮?), Hachinohe, Aomori
Armour laced with red threads (赤絲威鎧 akaitōdoshi yoroi?) The nomination includes the helmet. 0794late Heian period Ō-yoroi. Tokyo Ome Musashi Mitake ShrineMusashi Mitake Shrine (武蔵御嶽神社?), Ōme, Tokyo
Armour laced with red threads (赤絲威鎧 akaitōdoshi yoroi?)[98] With bamboo, tiger, sparrow motif. The nomination includes the helmet. One of two similar armours at Kasuga-taisha. 1185Kamakura period Ō-yoroi. Nara Nara Kasuga TaishaKasuga-taisha, Nara, Nara
Armour laced with red threads (赤絲威鎧 akaitōdoshi yoroi?) With plum and Japanese Bush-warbler motif. The nomination includes the helmet. One of two similar armours at Kasuga-taisha. 1185Kamakura period Ō-yoroi. Nara Nara Kasuga TaishaKasuga-taisha, Nara, Nara
Armour laced with red threads (赤絲威鎧 akaitōdoshi yoroi?) The nomination does not include the helmet. Belonged to Minamoto no Yoshitsune. 0794Heian period Ō-yoroi. Ehime Imabari Oyamazumi ShrineŌyamazumi Shrine (大山祇神社?), Imabari, Ehime
Black dōmaru armour (黒韋威矢筈札胴丸 kurokawaodoshiyahazuzane dōmaru?)[98] Offered by Kusunoki Masashige. The nomination includes the helmet. 1336late Nanboku-chō period Dō-maru. Leather. Nara Nara Kasuga TaishaKasuga-taisha, Nara, Nara
Armour laced with white threads (白絲威鎧 shiroitōdoshi yoroi?) The nomination includes the helmet. 1185late Kamakura period Ō-yoroi. Shimane Izumo Hinomisaki ShrineHinomisaki Shrine (日御碕神社?), Izumo, Shimane
kozakuragawaodoshi yoroi (小桜韋威鎧?) Handed down in the Takeda clan. Also called tatenashi yoroi (楯無鎧?). The nomination includes the helmet. 0794late Heian period Ō-yoroi. Leather. Yamanashi Koshu Kandaten ShrineKandaten Shrine (菅田天神社?), Kōshū, Yamanashi
Red leather armour (赤韋威鎧 akagawaodoshi yoroi?)[99] The nomination includes the helmet. 0794late Heian period Ō-yoroi. Black lacquered iron and leather kozane (小札?) (c. 1800 small scales laced together). Metal plates for the helmet. Torso height: 40cm (front), 44cm (back); circumference: 91cm. Tassets height: 27cm. Helmet height: 13.3cm; diameter: 20cm. Large sleeves: 46cm (height) x 33cm (width). Weight c. 25kg. Okayama Okayama Okayama Prefectural MuseumOkayama Prefectural Museum (岡山県立博物館?), Okayama, Okayama
kozakura gawakigaeshiodoshi yoroi (小桜韋黄返威鎧?)[100] Belonged to Minamoto no Tametomo. The nomination includes the helmet. 0794late Heian period Ō-yoroi. Hiroshima Hatsukaichi Itsukushima ShrineItsukushima Shrine, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima
Armour laced with light yellow threads (浅黄綾威鎧 asagiayaodoshi yoroi?)[101] The nomination includes the helmet. 1185Kamakura period, 12th century Ō-yoroi. Black lacquered iron and leather kozane (小札?) (small scales laced together). Hiroshima Hatsukaichi Itsukushima ShrineItsukushima Shrine, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima
Armour laced with navy blue threads (紺絲威鎧 konitoodoshi yoroi?)[102] The nomination includes the helmet. Offered by Taira no Shigemori. 0794Heian period Ō-yoroi. Black lacquered iron and leather scales (小札 kozane?) laced together with a thick navy blue thread. Silver plating. Hiroshima Hatsukaichi Itsukushima ShrineItsukushima Shrine, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima
Black dōmaru armour (黒韋威胴丸 kurokawaodoshi dōmaru?)[103] The nomination includes the helmet. 0794Heian period Dō-maru. Black lacquered iron and leather scales (小札 kozane?) laced together. Hiroshima Hatsukaichi Itsukushima ShrineItsukushima Shrine, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima
Armour laced with navy blue threads (紺絲威鎧 konitoodoshi yoroi?) Belonged to Kōno Michinobu (河野通信?). The nomination includes the helmet. 0794Heian period Ō-yoroi. Scales (小札 kozane?) laced together with a thick navy blue thread. Ehime Imabari Oyamazumi ShrineŌyamazumi Shrine (大山祇神社?), Imabari, Ehime
omodakaodoshi yoroi (沢瀉威鎧?) The nomination includes the helmet. Oldest Ō-yoroi armour. 0794early Heian period Ō-yoroi. Ehime Imabari Oyamazumi ShrineŌyamazumi Shrine (大山祇神社?), Imabari, Ehime
murasaki ayaodoshi yoroi (紫綾威鎧?) Offered by Minamoto no Yoritomo. The nomination does not include a helmet. 1185Kamakura period Ō-yoroi. Ehime Imabari Oyamazumi ShrineŌyamazumi Shrine (大山祇神社?), Imabari, Ehime
Gauntlet (籠手 kote?) 1185Kamakura period Pair of gauntlets Nara Nara Kasuga TaishaKasuga-taisha, Nara, Nara

Others Editar sección

Total of 14 entries. In many cases large collections of items offered to a shrine.

Name Remarks Age Type Present Location
Old sacred treasures (古神宝類 koshinpōrui?)[104][105][106] 35 items including one red lacquer bow, 30 black lacquer arrows (one arrow shaft is missing), two quivers and two long swords both with gold maki-e in ikakeji technique inlaid with mother of pearl decorations of apricot leaves. 1185Kamakura period Height of quiver: 32.7cm, length of long swords: 105.8cm. Kanagawa Kamakura Kamakura Museum of National TreasuresKamakura Museum of National Treasures (owned by Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gū), Kamakura, Kanagawa
Sacred Treasures of Asuka Shrine (阿須賀神社伝来 古神宝類 asuka jinja denrai gojinpōrui?)[107] Offers presented by worshippers to the Asuka Shrine (阿須賀神社 asuka jinja?). Includes robes, a headdress, boxes, fans, shoes, a clothes rack, a toiletry case and mirrors. 1400Nanboku-chō period/Muromachi period, 14th–15th century Various. Kyoto Kyoto Kyoto National MuseumKyoto National Museum, Kyoto
 Objects and Equipments in Golden Hall (中尊寺金色堂堂内具 chūsonji konjikidōdō naigu?)[108] (i) Three canopies, (ii) Platform, (iii) Three tables (螺鈿平塵案 raden hirachirian?), (iv) Rack (磬架 keika?), (v) Three kondō bantō (金銅幡頭?), (vi) Six Garlands (金銅華鬘 kondō keman?) of three types, (vii) Gong (孔雀文磬 kujaku monkei?) with eight petaled flower relief and pair of peacocks 0794Heian period Various. (i) Lacquered wood with gold leaf stamping and eight-petaled openwork. Frame diameter: 81.8cm, inner circle plate diameter: 59cm, 52cm, 13cm. (ii) Height: 15.8cm, 66.2cm square. (iii) mother of pearl, height 42.7cm and 42.6cm, length: 25.1cm and 25.4cm, width: all 52.1cm. (iv) 59cm (length) x 56cm (width). (v) Gilt bronze openwork with arabesque pattern of vines. Height: 90.9cm, 11.6cm, 9.3cm. Rhombus length: 29.0cm, 22.4cm, 22.4cm. (vi) Length: 29.3cm, 29.0cm, 28.7cm. Width: 32.7cm, 57.5cm, 33.3cm. (vii) Cast bronze. Width at (top) 15.1cm, (bottom) 16.9cm. Iwate Hiraizumi Chusonji KonjikiinKonjiki-in (金色院?), Chūson-ji, Hiraizumi, Iwate
 Equipments in Sutra repository (中尊寺経蔵堂内具 chūsonji kyōzōdō naigu?)[109] (i) Platform, (ii) Table (螺鈿平塵案 raden hirachirian?), (iii) Rack (磬架 keika?) for gong, (iv) Candlestick (螺鈿平塵燈台 raden hirachiri shokudai?), (v) Gong (孔雀文磬 kujaku monkei?) 0794Heian period Various. (i) Black lacquered wood with metal ornaments and mother of pear inlay. Height: 15.4cm, 65.4cm square. (ii) Lacquered wood with mother of pearl, height 77.56cm, length: 34.8cm, width: all 66.3cm. (iii) Wood with faded mother of pearl inlay. 57.8cm (length) x 55.1cm (width). (iv) Gold lacquer with metal ornaments and mother of pearl inlay. Height: 80.9cm, bottom diameter : 24.8cm. (v) Cast bronze. Width at (top) 13.4cm, (bottom) 15.4cm. Iwate Hiraizumi Chusonji DaichojuinDaichōju-in (大長寿院?), Chūson-ji, Hiraizumi, Iwate
Painted fan (彩絵桧扇 saie hiōgi?) 0794Heian period, late 12th century Color and gold on wood (Japanese cypress), height: 30cm, width: 45cm, Hiroshima Hatsukaichi Itsukushima ShrineItsukushima Shrine, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima 150px
Leather with grape arabesque pattern (葡萄唐草文染韋 budōkarakusamon somekawa?) 0710Nara period, 8th century Deer leather. Nara Nara TodaijiTōdai-ji, Nara, Nara
Stylized Garlands (牛皮華鬘 gohikeman?)[110] Originally belonged to Tō-ji. With Karyōbinga (winged female angels) motifs. 1000Heian period, 11th century 13 ornaments and fragments. Openwork cow leather, color, and cut gold leaf. Nara Nara Nara National MuseumNara National Museum, Nara, Nara
Bamboo cabinet (竹厨子 takezushi?)[111] 0710Nara period, 8th century Cabinet. Bamboo. Tokyo Tokyo Tokyo National MuseumTokyo National Museum, Tokyo
Old sacred treasures of Itsukushima Shrine (厳島神社古神宝類 itsukushima jinja koshinpōrui?)[112] Includes: long swords with boxes, garments, three folding fans, a scepter, arrows, chests, ceremonial leather belt (石帯 sekitai?). 1183Heian period, 1183 (long sword box, small chest) Various. Long sword: 64cm, arrow 18cm, sekitai 34cm, scepter 34cm, folding fan 16cm. Hiroshima Hatsukaichi Itsukushima ShrineTreasure Hall, Itsukushima Shrine, Hatsukaichi, Hiroshima
Old sacred treasures (本宮御料古神宝類 hongū goryō koshinpōrui?)[113] 292 items including: a staff ( nusa?), spears, swords, a bow, a maki-e koto, boxes, a dresser, toiletry cases, a vase, assorted trees. 0794Heian period Various. Nara Nara Kasuga ShrineKasuga-taisha, Nara, Nara
Old sacred treasures (若宮御料古神宝類 wakamiya goryō koshinpōrui?)[113] 49 items including: bows, a spear, cranes, crystal pearls, a koto, swords, a shō, a six-stringed zither (和琴 wagon?), arrows, guardian lion-dogs, figures. 1100Heian period, 12th century Various. Nara Nara Kasuga ShrineKasuga-taisha, Nara, Nara
Old sacred treasures (古神宝類 koshinpōrui?) Offers presented by worshippers to the Kumano Hayatama Taisha. Including garments, mirrors, boxes, tweezers, scissors, combs, plates, writing brushes, vases, crystall balls, bags, desks, chests, a saddle, a whip, folding fans, swords, shoes, pestles, bows and arrows, etc. 1336Muromachi period Various (c. 1000 items). Wakayama Shingu Kumano Hayatama TaishaKumano Hayatama Taisha, Shingū, Wakayama
Amulet case (懸守 kakemamori?) Worn by women as accessory around their neck. 0794Heian period Seven amulet cases. Osaka Osaka ShitennojiShitennō-ji, Osaka
Tablet (牙笏 geshaku?)[114],
Round inkstone of blue and white porcelain (青白磁円硯 seihakujienken?)[115],
Tortoise shell comb (玳瑁装牙櫛 taimaisōge no kushi?)[116],
Small ornamental knife with rhinoceros horn handle (犀角柄刀子 saikakuetōzu?)[117],
Leather belt with silver plating (銀装革帯 ginsōkakutai?)[118],
Mirror with Bo Ya playing the koto (伯牙弾琴鏡 hakugadankinkyō?)[119]
Reportedly the relics of Sugawara no Michizane. Despite its name the inkstone is made of white (not blue) porcelain. It lacks its feet. Comb with seven carved flowers. Its red color stems from tortoise shell. Mirror with eight floral patterns. On the left a person (possibly not Bo Ya) playing the koto. On the right a Chinese phoenix spreading its wings. 0794Heian period Various. Ivory (tablet), porcelain (inkstone), ivory (comb), rhinoceros horn (knife handle) and silver fittings (around knife handle), leather with silver plating (belt), cast copper (mirror). Osaka Fujiidera Domyoji TenmanguDōmyōji Tenmangū, Fujiidera, Osaka
This list is complete and up-to-date as of January 2, 2010.

NotesEditar sección

  1. On Azuma Road/Crossing the boat-bridge of Sano,/Crossing my mind/Thoughts that no one knows.

ReferencesEditar sección

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