Biscuit (keramiek)
Para otros usos en inglés véase: wikipedia:Bisque.

Bisque porcelain is unglazed, white ceramic ware[1][2]. Examples include bisque dolls[3].

A related term is biscuit. This has been defined as "pottery that has been fired but not yet glazed. Biscuit earthenware is porous and readily absorbs water; vitreous ware and bone china are almost non-porous even in the biscuit state."[4] The temperature of biscuit firing is usually at least 1000°C, although higher temperature are common[5]. The firing of the ware that results in the biscuit article causes permanent chemical and physical changes to occur. These result in a much harder and more resilient article which can still be porous, and this can ease the application of glazes.

Whilst biscuit is the more widely used term for this intermediary stage in the production of twice-fired pottery[6][7][8][9][10][11] confusingly American studio potters tend to use bisque[12][13]. A similar confused use with pottery terminology is flint rather than silica or quartz[14][15].

See also Editar


  1. “Kaiser Develops A Growing Niche.” Tableware International. 23,No.7, pg.55-56. 1993.
  4. Dictionary Of Ceramics. Arthur Dodd & David Murfin. 3rd edition. The Institute Of Minerals. 1994.
  5. Whitewares: Production, Testing And Quality Control. W.Ryan & C.Radford. Pergamon Press / Insitute Of Ceramics, 1987.
  6. “The Fast Firing Of Biscuit Earthenware Hollow-Ware In a Single-Layer Tunnel Kiln.” Salt D.L. Holmes W.H RP737. Ceram Research.
  7. “New And Latest Biscuit Firing Technology”. Porzellanfabriken Christian Seltmann GmbH. Ceram.Forum Int./Ber.DKG 87,No.1/2, p.E33-E34,E36. 2010.
  8. “Investigation Into Bloating Behaviour Of Bone China Body During Biscuit Firing.” A. Kara. Euro Ceramics VIII Pt.2 Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland, pg.1717-1720. 2004.
  9. “Interactions Between A Leadless Glaze And A Biscuit Fired Bone China Body During Glost Firing. Pt.3. Effect Of Glassy Matrix Phase.” A.Kara, R.Stevens. J.Eur.Ceram.Soc. 23, No.10, 2003, pg.1617-1628.
  10. “Moisture Expansion Of Porous Biscuit Bodies - Reason Of Glaze Cracking.” B.Plesingerova, M.Klapac, M.Kovalcikova. Ceramics-Silikaty 46,No.4. pg.159-165. 2002.
  11. Modern Ceramic Practice. W.L.German. Maclaren & Sons. 1964.
  12. 'Dictionary Of Ceramics". Arthur Dodd & David Murfin. 3rd edition. The Institute Of Minerals. 1994.
  13. Stoneware And Porcelain. D.Rhodes. Chilton Book Company. 1966.
  14. Ceramic Glazes. 3rd edition. Parmelee C. W. The Maple Press Company. 1973
  15. Dictionary Of Ceramics. Arthur Dodd & David Murfin. 3rd edition. The Institute Of Minerals. 1994.

Accessories-dictionary: Diccionario Editar

English: Bisque
Español: Bizcocho
Nederlands: Biscuit
Polski: Biskwit (ceramika)

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